Prime Minister Maamoun al-Kuzbari in October 1961

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Maamoun al-Kuzbari rose to fame in 1953 when he was elected speaker of Parliament under President Adib al-Shishakli. He was active in Shishakli's Arab Liberation Movement (ALM) and served as cabinet minister in the post-Shishakli years. In September 1961, he was chosen as the first Prime Minsiter of Syria after break-up of the Syrian-Egyptian Union, known as the United Arab Republic (UAR)